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Worked in a monkey lab?

 

 

Mary Schneider

Quiz time!

How much alcohol should a pregnant woman drink?

If you answered, "None, zero, zip, nada," go to the head of the class.

If you answered, "The question of whether it is a problem to take a few drinks during a pregnancy has not been addressed at all," then you need to go back and do some very basic reading or get some remedial reading lessons. You can't understand the U.S. government's statement:

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Here Are Some Questions You May Have About Alcohol and Drinking While You Are Pregnant.
http://pubs.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/brochure.htm

1. Can I drink alcohol if I am pregnant?

No. Do not drink alcohol when you are pregnant. Why? Because when you drink alcohol, so does your baby. Think about it. Everything you drink, your baby also drinks.

2. Is any kind of alcohol safe to drink during pregnancy?

No. Drinking any kind of alcohol when you are pregnant can hurt your baby. Alcoholic drinks are beer, wine, wine coolers, liquor, or mixed drinks. A glass of wine, a can of beer, and a mixed drink all have about the same amount of alcohol.

3. What if I drank during my last pregnancy and my baby was fine?

Every pregnancy is different. Drinking alcohol may hurt one baby more than another. You could have one child that is born healthy, and another child that is born with problems.

4. Will these problems go away?

No. These problems will last for a child's whole life. People with severe problems may not be able to take care of themselves as adults. They may never be able to work.

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Ok. That seems pretty straightforward and scary enough. So what are we to make of the claim: "The question of whether it is a problem to take a few drinks during a pregnancy has not been addressed at all."?

The person who said this was defending Mary Schneider's research. He just about had to say something in her defense since he chairs the committee that approves her experiments.

Mary exposes pregant monkeys to alcohol, and then tracks the development of their offspring over time. She has reported on many occasions that alcohol disrupts normal fetal development and that this has harmful long term consequences.

Let's look at Mary's history of monkey experiment publications:

1988 Behavioral effects of developmental lead exposure in rhesus monkeys.
1992 Endocrine activation mimics the adverse effects of prenatal stress on the neuromotor development of the infant primate.
1992 Early rearing conditions alter immune responses in the developing infant primate.
1992 Prenatal stress exposure alters postnatal behavioral expression under conditions of novelty challenge in rhesus monkey infants.
1993 Repeated social stress during pregnancy impairs neuromotor development of the primate infant.
1993 Vulnerability of placental antibody transfer and fetal complement synthesis to disturbance of the pregnant monkey.
1993 Prenatal stress has long-term effects on behavioral responses to stress in juvenile rhesus monkeys.
1994 Long-term effects of prenatal stress on HPA axis activity in juvenile rhesus monkeys.
1994 Temperament differences between captive Indian and Chinese-Indian hybrid rhesus macaque neonates.
1997 Effects of prenatal stress on behavior in adolescent rhesus monkeys.
1998 Maternal endocrine activation during pregnancy alters neurobehavioral state in primate infants.
1998 Prenatal stress alters brain biogenic amine levels in primates.
1999 Growth and development following prenatal stress exposure in primates: an examination of ontogenetic vulnerability.
2001 Timing of moderate alcohol exposure during pregnancy and neonatal outcome in rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta).
2001 Moderate alcohol during pregnancy: learning and behavior in adolescent rhesus monkeys.
2002 The impact of prenatal stress, fetal alcohol exposure, or both on development: perspectives from a primate model.
2002 Prenatal disturbance alters the size of the corpus callosum in young monkeys.
2004 Moderate level alcohol during pregnancy, prenatal stress, or both and limbic-hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical axis response to stress in rhesus monkeys.
2004 Prenatal stress, moderate fetal alcohol, and dopamine system function in rhesus monkeys.
2005 Moderate-level prenatal alcohol exposure alters striatal dopamine system function in rhesus monkeys.

It's pretty understandable why Mary continues to study prenatal alcohol exposure, she bought a lakeside home recently and the mortgage is pretty high.

And, it's pretty clear why the university defends her research,

2005: Schneider, Mary Lynn 5R01AA012277-05
Fetal Alcohol Effects In Monkeys: Dopamine And Behavior
$412,287

2004: Schneider, Mary Lynn 5R01AA010079-09
Moderate Level Prenatal Alcohol Exposure In Primates
$377,084

Schneider, Mary Lynn 5R01AA012277-04
Fetal Alcohol Effects In Monkeys: Dopamine And Behavior
$400,279

2003: Schneider, Mary L R01AA010079-08
Moderate Level Prenatal Alcohol Exposure In Primates
$366,100

Schneider, Mary L R01AA012277-03
Fetal Alcohol Effects In Monkeys: Dopamine And Behavior
$388,620

2002: Schneider, Mary L 5R01AA010079-07
MODERATE LEVEL PRENATAL ALCOHOL EXPOSURE IN PRIMATES
$342,086

Schneider, Mary L 5R01AA012277-02
FETAL ALCOHOL EFFECTS IN MONKEYS: DOPAMINE AND BEHAVIOR
$377,302

Schneider, Mary L 1R01AA012277-01A2
FETAL ALCOHOL EFFECTS IN MONKEYS: DOPAMINE AND BEHAVIOR
$366,312

Schneider, Mary L 5R01AA010079-06
MODERATE LEVEL PRENATAL ALCOHOL EXPOSURE IN PRIMATES
$345,083

Five-year total: $3,375,152

Given that the university skims a little over 40% off the top, about $1.3 million, we don't have to scratch out heads too hard to come up with a reasonable explanation for the administration's defense of her redundant observations that pregnant women should'n't drink or her redundant demonstrations that pregant monkeys shouldn't either.

For a taste of the extent to which the UW spin doctors will go to defend this sort of nonsense, check out some not-news about Mary's work.

 

Madison's Hidden Monkeys is a joint project of the
Alliance for Animals and the
Primate Freedom Project